Oakley (1979) suggested its development meant an almost complete re-writing of the evolution and cultural emergence of the human species.
Desmond Clark (1979) wrote that were it not for radiocarbon dating, "we would still be foundering in a sea of imprecisions sometime bred of inspired guesswork but more often of imaginative speculation" (Clark, 1979:7).
Martin Kamen died on August 31, 2002 in in Montecito, CA.
1952: An analysis of the carbon-14 radioisotope in a piece of charred oak from an excavated pit at Stonehenge estimates that the mysterious structure on England's Salisbury Plain is 3,800 years old, plus or minus 275 years.
While associated with the Manhattan Project (1941–45), Willard Libby helped develop the atomic bomb.
Libby began experimenting with carbon-14, radiocarbon, in the late 1930s and discovered that it could be used to determine the age of very old things.
Kamen's struggle with these accusations continued well into the 1950s.
Building on Ruben's and Kamen's discovery, Willard Libby and colleagues developed radiocarbon dating in 1949.Radiocarbon dating, a method proposed by Libby, is used to date organic material by measuring the amount of carbon-14, a radioactive isotope of carbon.The discovery is the 80th National Historic Chemical Landmark to be designated by the American Chemical Society (ACS).The age of organic objects can be calculated by comparing the ratio of remaining C in a sample to the atmospheric content at the time of death.This method had a tremendous impact on archaeology, as it allows to accurately date artifacts from a large timescale. He joined UC Berkeley's Radiation Laboratory, working with Sam Ruben.